Archive for the 'Arthritis' Category

Gout: New Drug & Old Favorites May Reduce Risk

Gout is a painful joint condition caused by high levels of uric acid in the blood resulting in deposition of fine crystals in the joints. The most common presentation of gout is the sudden onset of intense pain, redness and swelling of the great toe joint at night or during sleep. The prevalence of gout [...]

Cartilage Implants Help Damaged Joints

Chondrocytes are cartilage cells and when there is significant cartilage damage, the cells have difficulty regenerating. Autologous chondrocyte implantation means that cartilage cells are removed from your own joint and then grown in a lab and implanted into the damaged area of the joint. This study shows promising results over the long term. More on [...]

Bone Mineral Density in RA

Researchers in the Netherlands examined the bone mineral density in patients who were recently diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis after 1 year of treatment with DMARDS, anti-TNF or corticosteroids. The results were part of the BeSt study which compared four different treatments in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Three hundred and forty two patients were evaluated and [...]

Exercise Increases Risk of Arthritis in Middle Aged Men & Women

A new study presented at the 95th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiology Society of North America found that men and women between the ages of 45 to 65 who participate in high impact sporting activities are at higher risk of developing knee osteoarthritis than those participating in low impact activities. Osteoarthritis is [...]

Combination Therapy Increases Work Productivity in RA

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease which causes joint inflammation and joint damage. This results in joint pain and stiffness in many body joints, but particularly in the joints of the hands and feet. There is no cure for RA, but many new treatments have emerged to manage the disease more effectively. A recent [...]

Joint Pain Linked to Insomnia

A study recently published online in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine found that improving sleep, improves joint pain associated with osteoarthritis. The study evaluated 51 patients with osteoarthritis over a period of a year. The participants were divided into two groups, a study group and a control group. The study group underwent an eight [...]

Orthotics Help Hallux Limitus

Hallux limitus is a condition of limited motion at the great toe joint. When the great toe (hallux) has limited range of motion, the result is jamming of the joint. The repetitive jamming causes damage to the cartilage resulting in arthritis. The jamming also contributes to the development of spurring around the joint. The most [...]

Could Arthritis Be Part of Metabolic Syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome is a condition defined by a group of risk factors which are linked to heart disease and type 2 diabetes. The syndrome is characterized by high blood pressure, abdominal obesity, high triglyceride levels, low HDL levels, a pro-inflammatory state (high C-reactive protein) and high blood sugar. Although osteoarthritis has been associated with obesity, [...]

New Gout Drug Approved Despite Deadly Side Effects

The FDA approved the drug Krystexxa for the treatment of gout last Friday.  Almost 8 million Americans are affected by gout, a painful condition caused by the precipitation of crystals in joints and soft tissues. The crystals result from the build up of uric acid in the blood. Initial FDA approval was delayed due to [...]

S.T.A.R. ® Ankle Replacement Device Approved by FDA

The SBi S.T.A.R.® total ankle replacement was approved by the FDA to replace painful, arthritic ankle joints due to osteoarthritis, post-traumatic arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Small Bone Innovations, Inc. (SBi) notes that the S.T.A.R. ® Ankle has been in development for over 30 years and the current design has been implanted in over 15,200 patients [...]

Children Susceptible to Sports Injuries

Sporting activities are growing in popularity among children and teenagers. Almost 50% of boys and approximately 25% of girls between 8 and 16 years of age compete in organized sports programs each year. Millions more children and teenagers participate in physical education classes and recreational sports throughout the year. But, as participation increases, so do [...]

Platlet-Rich Plasma May Help Cartilage Defects

An osteochondral defect is a localized area of the joint where both the cartilage and underlying bone have been damaged. The joint surface develops a well defined crater-like defect which extends down to the underlying bone. Osteochondral defects have been classically associated with trauma, but new research suggests metabolic or genetic causes may play a [...]

Identifying RA Before It Develops

Researchers at Harvard Medical School examined blood samples from participants in the Women’s Health Study and the Nurses’ Health Study. In both studies, blood samples were obtained from the participants at baseline when they had no symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. Women who developed rheumatoid arthritis were selected as incident cases and three controls were randomly [...]

Inhibiting Proteins To Prevent Arthritis

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease of the joints resulting from the biochemical breakdown of articular cartilage. Most people think of arthritis as a result of wear and tear on the joints. This is partially true as abnormal body mechanics can cause stress on the joints resulting in cartilage erosion. But, there is a biochemical component [...]

Guidelines For People with RA

The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and the National Collaborating Centre for Chronic Conditions, a specialty health authority in the UK, will issue guidelines on February 25, 2009 to help identify, manage and treat rheumatoid arthritis. Around 400,000 people in the UK and about 2.5 million Americans have rheumatoid arthritis. Social Bookmarking [...]

High Strain, Low Strength Activities Increase Arthritis Risk

Dutch researchers studied the effects of different types of physical activity on knee osteoarthritis in older adults. Four components of physical activity were evaluated in 1678 patients over a 12 year period. Physical activity was categorized into four groups: muscle strength, intensity, mechanical strain, and turning actions. No association was found between the Social Bookmarking [...]

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a subset of arthritis seen in children. The arthritis may be transient and run a limited course or it may be chronic. Idiopathic means arising from an unknown cause. Symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis are often general and include lethargy, fatigue and reduced desire for physical activity. The first sign of [...]

New Treatment for Psoriatic Arthritis Reduces Pain & Swelling

A study published online today in the journal The Lancet found a reduction in the signs and symptoms of psoriatic arthritis and an associated decrease in the number and size of skin lesions with the use of a drug called ustekinumab. Lead author and chairperson of the Department of Dermatology at Tufts Medical Center, Dr. [...]

Cross Country Skiing and Great Toe Arthritis

Cross country skiing is a great winter outdoor activity and considered by some to be the best aerobic fitness activity. Cross country skiers are attached to the ski only at the toe. This frees the heel and allows the skier to kick and glide across the snow. Although cross country skiing is low-impact and a [...]

Glucosamine & Chondroitin for Arthritis

The use of glucosamine and chondroitin for treatment of osteoarthritis is controversial. Despite the large numbers of studies performed, the results have been mixed. Although some trials have shown promise, large placebo controlled trials have not shown much benefit with the use of glucosamine and chondroitin compared with placebo. Below is a summary of some [...]

Arthritis: Barrier to exercise for diabetics

The CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) from 2005 and 2007 and found that the prevalence of arthritis in diabetics was 52% and that the prevalence of inactivity was higher in diabetics with arthritis as compared to diabetics without arthritis. This information suggests that arthritis may be an additional barrier [...]