Archive for March, 2010

Alcohol, Obesity & High Blood Pressure Increase Gout Risk in Women

Gout is a painful joint condition caused by elevated levels of uric acid which result in the deposition of needle like crystals in the joints. The uric acid precipitates in the coolest areas of the body, which makes the great toe a common areas for gouty attacks. Gout is more common in men than women, [...]

Bone Building Drugs Found Safe and Effective

A new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine finds two bisphosphonates, Fosamax and Reclast, safe and effective for the treatment of osteoporosis. Some studies have prompted concern about the increased risk of a rare fracture near the hip with the use of these bone building drugs. A secondary analysis of data from [...]

Foot Anatomy Illustrations: Orientation

Foot images – dorsal, plantar, anterior and posterior views: Dorsal means the top of the foot and plantar means the bottom of the foot. In these images below, the small muscles of the foot and the tendons are visible. Anterior means the front of the body and posterior means the back of the body. Social [...]

Motion Control Shoes May Decrease Fatigue in Runners with Excess Pronation

In a study published this month in the American Journal of Sports Medicine, researchers at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University evaluated motion control shoes in recreational runners with excessive rearfoot pronation. Running patterns of twenty female runners were evaluated over a two day period. Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati

Infrared Heat Treatment for Plantar Warts

Researchers at the Hospital of China Medical University in Shenyang successfully treated plantar warts with local hyperthermia, using an infrared heat-producing device. Fifty four patients were divided into two groups, a treatment group and a sham group. Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati

Diagrams of Navicular Resection: Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction

Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (also termed adult acquired flatfoot) is the result of repetitive stress and injury to the main tendon supporting the arch. Initially, the tendon may become inflamed, but the condition is characterized by degeneration and weakness of the tendon and is associated with arch collapse. Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati

David Beckham Ruptures Achilles Tendon

David Beckham ruptured his Achilles tendon on Sunday, March 14th, playing for AC Milan in Italy. He had surgery to repair the tendon the following day by Dr. Sakari Orava of Finland. The operation lasted about 50 minutes and Beckham stayed the night at the Mehilainen clinic in Turku, southwestern Finland. Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati

Plantar Fasciitis in Assembly Workers

A recent study in PM & R, the Journal of Injury, Function and Rehabilitation, found that individuals who work in a manufacturing setting have a greater risk of developing plantar fasciitis, the most common cause of heel pain. Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati

FDA Approves Botox for Spastic Flexor Muscles

On March 9th, 2010, the FDA approved Botox specifically for use to treat spasticity in the flexor muscles of the fingers, wrist and elbow. Spasticity can be common after traumatic brain injuries, stroke or in individuals with advanced multiple sclerosis. Botox works by causing a temporary paralysis of the spastic muscle, which increases flexibility of [...]

Type 2 Diabetes

According to the CDC, close to 24 million Americans have diabetes. Forty percent of those with diabetes are age 65 and older. Most of the diabetics over the age of 60 have type 2 diabetes. Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati

Treatment Options for Psoriasis

Two recent studies found effective treatment options for psoriasis patients who did not respond to Enbrel. The drug Enbrel is a commonly used treatment for people with moderate to advanced psoriasis. The results were presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology. Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati

Electromagnetic Therapy Improves Arthritis

In a new study at Henry Ford Hospital System, electromagnetic pulses were shown to significantly decrease pain and inflammation associated with knee arthritis. Thirty-four patients were randomly divided into two groups and given either an active pulse-emitting coil to place around their knee or an inactive coil. During the study period, the patients were instructed [...]

Bunions in Dancers

It is commonly believed that dancing, specifically ballet dancing, causes bunions because of the great amount of stress placed on the great toe joint. A review of the radiographs of 63 active and 38 retired dancers showed no increase in the angles of the bones at the great toe joint compared to radiographs of the [...]

Phases of Tendon Healing

The initial phase of tendon healing is the inflammatory phase which lasts from 24-48 hours. The body sends inflammatory cells to the site of injury and clean up debris from the site of injury. After 48 hours the reparative stage begins, tenocytes migrate to the area and  collagen is made. Collagen is one of the [...]

Obese Children Have Greater Pressure on Feet

Thirty four preschool children were divided into two groups based on weight, as determined by body mass index. Their plantar pressures were measured when walking and it was found that overweight children had significantly larger contact areas and generated larger forces on the bottom of their feet, as well their heel, midfoot and forefoot. The [...]

Obese Children Have Higher Rate of Lower Extremity Injuries

Obese children sustain more leg, ankle and foot injuries than nonobese children a new study has found. In the study, which will be published in Pediatrics next month, researchers at the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center evaluated electronic medical records of children aged 3 to 14 years who were seen in the emergency department for [...]

Botox for Chronic Plantar Fasciitis

Botox injections at the heel improve pain and function in patients with chronic plantar fasciitis, according to a new study in the Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. Fifty patients with chronic heel pain and a diagnosis of plantar fasciitis were divided into two groups. Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati