Archive for December, 2009

Cartilage Cell Implant Improves Ankle Function

Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI) is the surgical repair of articular cartilage by transplanting cartilage cells into a joint. Chondrocytes are cartilage cells which produce and maintain cartilage. The first step is to sample the cartilage from the joint and isolate the chondrocytes. The chondrocytes are then sent to a lab to grow for 4-6 weeks. [...]

Ganglion Cysts

A ganglionic cyst  is a fluid filled sac arising from the lining of a tendon or joint. The most common cause is excess stress is one area due to shoe rub or faulty foot mechanics (abnormal joint or tendon function). Abnormal stress can weaken the lining of the tendon or joint capsule, resulting in an [...]

Diabetic Neuropathy

Over 21 million Americans have diabetes and about 30% of diabetics over the age of 40 years have diabetic peripheral neuropathy (CDC 2005). Neuropathy is a nervous system abnormality. Peripheral refers to the nerves outside the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Peripheral neuropathy generally refers to sensory abnormalities in the feet, legs, hands [...]

Piriformis Syndrome and Pronation

The piriformis muscle is a small, flat muscle which sits deep in the gluteal region (buttocks). The piriformis muscle originates on the lower aspect of the spine (sacrum) and inserts on the top of the femur (thigh bone). The function of the piriformis muscle is to extend and externally rotate the hip (rotate the hip [...]

Electric Shocks in the Foot: Possible Causes

There are many possible causes for electric shocks in the feet. Although burning pain at the heel and within the arch is generally thought to be plantar fasciitis, a tearing and inflammation of a ligament on the bottom of the foot, this condition is not always the cause. In fact, burning pain associated with tingling, [...]

Drugs for Bone Loss May Reduce Breast Cancer Risk

Findings from two studies presented at the annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium showed an association between osteoporosis drugs and cancer risk. Data from the Women’s Health Initiative was used to retrospectively evaluate postmenopausal women for close to 8 years. Of the 151,592 women in the study, 2,216 were taking oral bisphosphonates (drugs to prevent [...]

Shoes To Firm Your Backside?

Reebok’s EasyTone Walking Shoe is designed to tone leg and buttock muscles when walking. Most shoes are designed to stabilize the foot and promote balanced walking, but EasyTone shoes are designed to create the opposite effect. The shoes are called “muscle-activating” because they create instability, forcing the muscles to work harder to balance the body [...]

Extra Ankle Bone?

The above picture demonstrates the widening of the foot as it flattens, as it common with overpronation and flatfeet. As the arch collapses, the foot widens and the navicular bone becomes more prominent on the inside of the foot. This can appear as a “2nd ankle bone”. The navicular is a bone in the arch [...]

Will The Screws In My Leg Set Off The Airport Security Alarm?

After surgery involving placement of screws and/or plates, many wonder if they will set off the Airport Security Alarm on their next trip. No one wants to be pulled aside by airport security, forced to stand with their legs apart while the airport security uses a wand to detect the exact location of the metal [...]

Arch Collapse Stresses the Plantar Fascia and Posterior Tibial Tendons

Arch collapse which accompanies overpronation and flatfeet places excess stress on the posterior tibial tendon and the plantar fascia. When these structures are overstressed, they develop microtears and become inflamed. Conditions such as posterior tibial tendonitis/ tendon dysfunction and plantar fasciitis can develop. Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati

Exercise Increases Risk of Arthritis in Middle Aged Men & Women

A new study presented at the 95th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiology Society of North America found that men and women between the ages of 45 to 65 who participate in high impact sporting activities are at higher risk of developing knee osteoarthritis than those participating in low impact activities. Osteoarthritis is [...]

Metatarsalgia: Cause of Ball of Foot Pain

Metatarsalgia (MET – tuh ¬† tar – SAL – juh) is a catch-all term used to describe a number of conditions which cause pain in the ball of the foot. “Metatarsal” is the name for the long bones in the foot and the suffix “algia” means pain. This term appropriately describes the condition of pain [...]