Archive for September, 2009

Nitric Oxide Patches Improve Tendon Healing

Nitric oxide, a soluble gas produced in the body, plays a valuable role in tendon healing due to it’s ability to increase blood flow and increase collagen production. A study in the British Journal of Sports Medicine evaluated nitric oxide patch use in patients with Achilles tendinosis, tennis elbow and supraspinatus (shoulder) tendinosis and compared [...]

Short term calf stretching not beneficial for heel pain

Calf stretching is an universal treatment recommended for patients with plantar fasciitis, the most common cause of heel pain. In a study from the University of Western Sydney in Australia, calf stretching using a wooden wedge was evaluated as a specific treatment for plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis is the tearing and resultant inflammation of a [...]

Runner’s Knee: Stretching & Strengthening

Patellofemoral Pain syndrome is commonly known as Runner’s Knee. The pain occurs under and around the patella (kneecap), which is worsened with activity, particularly going up and down steep hills or stairs. The pain can occur after prolonged sitting, especially when their is excess stress on the knee joint. When the knee joint bends, there [...]

Image Guided Clot Busting Therapy Possible For DVTs

A deep venous thrombosis, also known as a DVT, is the formation of a blood clot in the deep veins of the leg. The risk factors for DVT include recent surgery, best rest, immobility, long travel, blood clotting disorders, birth control pills, chronic illness, smoking, previous and family history of DVT. The most serious consequence [...]

High Ankle Sprain Explained

An ankle sprain is the partial or complete tear of the ligaments in the ankle. The classic ankle sprain is caused when the foot rolls in and the ankle rolls out, resulting in tearing of one or more of the ligaments on the outside of the ankle. A high ankle sprain is an injury to [...]

Eagle’s Westbrook Recovering From Ankle Sprain

Philadelphia Eagle’s running back, Brian Westbrook, sprained his ankle on the first play of the second quarter against the Steelers last Sunday. As Westbrook jumped over corner back William Gay, he landed on the back of Tra Thomas’ leg, sustaining a right ankle injury. His ankle was taped and he finished the game with 52 [...]

Study to Evaluate Stem Cells for Diabetic Ulcers

Fortis Healthcare’s diabetic foot trial broadens it’s inclusion criteria to include more patients in it’s stem cell study. The study will be evaluating peripheral blood stem cells and their effectiveness in healing diabetic foot ulcers, specifically in patients with poor blood flow (ischemia). A pilot study of similar design in China showed promising results. Ulcerations [...]

Combination Therapy Increases Work Productivity in RA

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease which causes joint inflammation and joint damage. This results in joint pain and stiffness in many body joints, but particularly in the joints of the hands and feet. There is no cure for RA, but many new treatments have emerged to manage the disease more effectively. A recent [...]

ACL Injury, Ligament Laxity and the Menstrual Cycle

According to the NCAA Injury Surveillance Survey, women sustain more total injuries than men during athletic events, this is particularly true for anterior cruciate ligament rupture in the knee, known as an ACL rupture (1). It has been postulated that women are at higher risk of ACL injury due to a wider pelvis causing more [...]

Metabolic Syndrome Increases Risk of Artery Disease in Women

Metabolic syndrome is a condition defined by a collection of medical conditions, lab values and signs, including high blood pressure, central obesity, low blood HDL (good cholesterol), high blood triglycerides, inflammation (higher C-reactive protein) and insulin resistance. Those with metabolic syndrome have an increased risk of heart disease and diabetes. In a recent study using [...]

Women Runners with Fasciitis Have Lower Arches

A new study in this month’s issue of the Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine evaluated the biomechanics, arch height, impact load, maximum load and ankle dorsiflexion in women runners, during running and while standing. The researchers divided 50 age and mileage matched women runners into two groups, a plantar fasciitis group and a control group. [...]

Plantar Arch Index

One method for determining arch height is to use Staheli’s plantar arch index. The plantar arch index is measured with a footprint. To calculate the arch index, a line is drawn along the inside of the footprint (medial edge) from the forefoot to the heel. The middle of the line is used as the mean [...]

Kickoff/Punt Injuries Are Most Severe In High School Football

Researchers at the Center for Injury Research and Policy published a study in the jounal Research in Sports Medicine evaluating the effects of play intensity, phase of play, time on the field and field location on injury severity in U.S. high school football. They found that 16% of injuries occurred at the beginning of a [...]

Ankle Injuries Second Most Common High School Sports Related Injury

Sports injuries in children and adolescents have steadily increased as participation in sports has risen. Two million injuries occur each year and 25% of those injured visit a doctor. Almost 30,000 children are hospitalized each year as a result of sports injuries. A new study in the American Journal of Sports Medicine reviewed injury data [...]

Rest May Not Benefit Achilles Tendinopathy

Achilles tendinopathy is a common sports related overuse injury. Tendinopathy is a result of repetitive microinjury which causes microtears and inflammation. The tearing and inflammation then causes tendon degeneration which is a change in the collagen fiber structure and alignment.  Common treatment includes ice, heat, ultrasound, electrical stimulation, physical therapy, shoe modification and even surgery. [...]

Fruit Juice May Speed Healing of Diabetic Wounds

Diabetics are prone to developing wounds, called, ulcers, and have difficulty healing them due to multiple factors, which include poor blood flow, increased sugar levels, decreased collagen production and decreased levels of growth hormones. The Polynesian medicinal plant, Morinda Citrifolia, has been used for burns, arthritis, diabetes, circulatory conditions and wound healing. Some studies have [...]

Heel Ultrasound May Help Prevent Osteoporotic Fractures

A DEXA scan, dual-energy X-ray absorbitometry scan, is used to identify low bone mineral density. Identifying individuals with low bone mineral density helps to determine future fracture risk. The calcaneus is the heel bone and a calcaneal ultrasound is a technique used to estimate bone mineral density. It is not as accurate as a DEXA [...]