Archive for March, 2009

APMA Newsletter

Footprints in the Spring Newsletter from the American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA). In this issue: shin splints, stress fractures, blisters and nail problems, neuromas and what to expect at the nail salon. Click on the link below to download the newsletter in pdf format. APMA Newsletter Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati

Foot Pain at Work

Between 30-50% of all individuals spend at least 4 hours on their feet at work. Many individuals spend as much as 8 to 10 hours a day standing or walking at their job. Many jobs require prolonged standing and walking. Some common jobs are manufacturing and service industry jobs (such as retail sales and food [...]

Tips for Proper Shoe Fit

Proper shoe fit is essential for the health of your feet. Improperly fitting shoes can lead to a host of problems including heel pain, arch pain, corns, calluses, bunions and others. Use the tips below when shopping for shoes. Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati

Improvement in Walking in Seniors

A study in this month’s issue of The Journal of Public Health evaluated 6574 respondents, aged 53 and older, who reported difficulty in walking. The authors looked for correlations between an improvement in walking and chronic health conditions, demographics, socioeconomic status and behavioral risk factors. Twenty five percent of the respondents reported baseline walking limitations. [...]

Orthotics for Treatment of Heel Pain

Orthotics are devices designed to control abnormal motion in the foot. Custom orthotics are made by taking a mold of the foot, while prefabricated orthotics are based on foot size. Orthotics are a common treatment for patients with plantar fasciitis, the most common cause of heel pain. The research to support the use of orthotics [...]

Obama-Biden Health Care Plan

The goal of the Obama-Biden Health Care plan is to provide affordable, accessible health care for all Americans by building on the current system and using existing health care providers. The plan would: Allow policy holders to keep their current plan if they are happy with their coverage. Nothing would change except costs could go [...]

Family History of DVT Increases Risk

A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that forms in one or more veins, most commonly in the back of the legs. The most serious consequence of the development of a DVT is when the clot breaks loose and travels to the lungs. This is called a pulmonary embolism (PE) and in severe [...]

Moderate Alcohol Intake May Improve Bone Density

In a recent study evaluating alcohol intake and bone mineral density, researchers found that moderate alcohol intake in older men and postmenopausal women is associated with greater bone mineral density. The study data was obtained from the Framingham Study and included 1182 men, 1289 postmenopausal women and 248 premenopausal women. Bone mineral density measurements were [...]

FDA Approves New Diabetes Drug for Clinical Development

The FDA approved MLR-1023, a new drug for diabetes, for clinical development on March 18th, 2009. MLR-1023 was originally developed by Melior Discovery using their unique discovery platform called theraTRACE ®. theraTRACE ® was designed to uncover new indications for existing pharmaceutical compounds. Pre-clinical studies have suggested that MLR-1023 has the potential to be an [...]

Treatments Specifically for Nail Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition due to an autoimmune disorder. Psoriasis commonly presents with raised, red patches of skin and silvery scales on the extensor surfaces of the body (elbows and knees are commonly affected). About 10-55% of individuals with skin psoriasis, have psoriasis of the nails, also called psoriatic nail disease. Psoriatic nail [...]

Bunion Hypermobility

A bunion is a structural change in the foot which results from faulty foot mechanics. When the foot is flexible, the arch tends to collapse and the long bones in the foot spread out over time. The mechanics of the foot are altered as well as the pull of the tendons. This combination causes bunions [...]

Identifying RA Before It Develops

Researchers at Harvard Medical School examined blood samples from participants in the Women’s Health Study and the Nurses’ Health Study. In both studies, blood samples were obtained from the participants at baseline when they had no symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. Women who developed rheumatoid arthritis were selected as incident cases and three controls were randomly [...]

Flatfeet and Pronation

The characteristic sign of a flatfoot is the low arch. In some cases the arch may touch the floor. In the picture on the left, the heel turns out, the ankle rolls in, the arch collapses and the foot abducts (moves away from the body). Individuals with flatfeet generally have over-pronation. Pronation is the rolling [...]

Ankle Stretches Increase Strength in Elderly

A study from Portugal shows that a simple set of foot and ankle exercises can increase strength and improve balance in elderly individuals. Forty eight individuals, with an average age of 78 years old, were divided into two groups. Strength of ankle dorsi-flexors and plantar-flexors, balance and functional mobility were measured as a baseline for [...]

Running Increases Bone Density

Bone is a living tissue and it reacts to the forces acting upon it, this includes muscle tension during exercise. Physical activity benefits bone through muscles exerting forces on the bone and by suppressing bone breakdown. These effects may enhance the strength of the skeletal system without necessarily increasing bone mineral density. Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati

Inhibiting Proteins To Prevent Arthritis

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease of the joints resulting from the biochemical breakdown of articular cartilage. Most people think of arthritis as a result of wear and tear on the joints. This is partially true as abnormal body mechanics can cause stress on the joints resulting in cartilage erosion. But, there is a biochemical component [...]

Diabetics Have Higher Amputation Risk

In last month’s issue of Diabetes Care, a study in Sweden showed that diabetics are about eight times more likely than non-diabetics to have a lower extremity amputation. The researchers evaluated only lower limb amputations performed due to clogged arteries in the leg in individuals 45 years of age or older. They compared the rate [...]

ABI, Blood Tests Help Identify Heart Disease Risk

The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is one of three tests that may prove valuable in identifying heart disease risk in individuals normally considered at low risk for cardiovascular events. This week, at the 34th annual Society of Interventional Radiology’s meeting, Dr. Timothy Murphy presented research suggesting that low ABI, elevated fibrinogen and elevated C-reactive protein may [...]

Clubfoot Recurrence In Rural Native Americans

A study published in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery showed that children who live in rural areas have a higher recurrence following treatment of clubfoot than children in urban areas. In addition, the study found that rural Native American children have a significantly higher risk of recurrence following treatment for clubfoot than other [...]

Vitamin C Decreases Gout Risk

A recent study in the Archives of Internal Medicine prospectively examined the relationship between vitamin C and the risk of gout in 46,994 men ages 40 and 75 year old, from 1986 through 2006. The participants had no diagnosis of gout at baseline. The authors used a questionnaire to ascertain the criteria for gout and [...]

Juvenile Diabetes and The Coxsackie Virus

Recent research has emerged to reinforce the idea that viruses may cause juvenile (type 1) diabetes, which is an autoimmune disease. In autoimmune diseases, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own cells. In juvenile diabetes, immune cells attack the beta cells in the pancreas which are responsible for secreting insulin. One important role [...]

3D CAT Scan of Broken Foot Bones

3D CAT scans help doctors better visualize broken bones in the foot. In the image to the left, multiple fracture fragments of the heel bone are better visualized in the 3D scan than in an X-ray. Social Bookmarking OptionsBlinklistBloglinesBlogmarksDiggdel.icio.usFacebookFurlMa.gnoliaNewsVineRedditStumbleUponTechnorati

Increased BMI Increases Joint Replacement Risk

A research team at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, conducted a prospective study evaluating the association between body mass and joint replacement risk in 32,023 healthy volunteers. The researchers found that there was a three to four fold increased risk of joint replacement in individuals with greater body weight, greater percentage fat mass and overall greater [...]

Stems Cells Assist in Foot Surgery

Bone grafts have multiple uses in foot and ankle surgery. Surgeons may use them for repairing complex fractures, filling in voids or defects in the bone or assisting in bone fusion surgery. Bone grafts are used to provide structural stability and to stimulate bone healing. In a recently published study in the Journal of Foot [...]

Cause of Common Foot Problems

Heel pain, arch pain and ball of foot pain are the most common complaints from individuals about their feet. Although each foot is unique, many foot problems are caused by faulty foot mechanics. The combination of tight calf muscles and over-pronation contributes to the development of plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis, posterior tibial tendonitis, midfoot arthritis, [...]